Toyota mid engine van

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  • The TownAce used a front mid-engine layout where the driver and front.

    I'm pretty obsessed with the Toyota Previa. It's a weird-looking, mid-engine, rear- wheel drive minivan that could be optioned with a manual.

    The original Previa came out in , and was a development of Toyota's previous mid-engine minivans, the LiteAce-TownAce-HighAce vans.

    As a response to the growing popularity of one-box vehicles, Toyota released the higher-end MasterAce Surf at the same time sold only at Toyota Store locations—although it was mechanically identical to the lesser TownAce with minimal cosmetic changes. As Toyota discovered problems, they fixed them: Retrieved 14 January All configurations have a driver and front passenger seat forward, and a three-seat bench seat at the rear that splits and folds flat against the sides of the cabin. I thought my friends went quite well with all of us packed in.

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    Like Chrysler and Matra , Toyota introduced a minivan in Their minivan could seat up to seven people, and was sold in both passenger and starting in cargo versions. Like the original Chrysler minivan engines, the Toyota 2. Toyota also added a front passenger swivel seat and interior upgrades to sweeten the deal. The Cargo Van had over cubic feet of cargo space cubic feet with the optional front passenger seat , a 2, pound payload capacity with the manual transmission, and a 2.

    The van had a sliding side door and high-opening rear hatch. It still had rear wheel drive and a mid-mounted four-cylinder now 2. The cargo version was dropped, but the rear seats could fold down, and the center seat could be removed to accommodate large cargo, including the infamous four by eight plywood.

    The Previa failed to gain much in sales, likely held back by the rear wheel drive and four-cylinder. The Previa was the first minivan to meet all passenger car safety standards. The Previas gained a passenger side front airbag. A turbocharged Chrysler minivan had been available in and , with a V6 in ; Toyota responded by adding a supercharger to the Previa, increasing power at the cost of requiring premium fuel. The Previa also gained leather seats, a CD player, and dual moonroofs. Still, sales were only a small fraction of the Voyager and Caravan.

    That meant using a V6 engine with the front-drive Camry platform; modular seats with seatback trays; more cupholders; front and rear power outlets; and many storage compartments. Shoulder belts were used on all outboard seats, and antilock brakes and tire pressure warning were standard. One year later, the company followed up with a power door option. The Sienna had a reworked engine, with variable valve timing adding 16 horsepower, improving gas mileage, and allowing certification as a low-emissions vehicle.

    The company apparently celebrated by adding skid control and refreshening the interior and exterior.

    A year later, Toyota launched its first Symphony edition, with an eight-speaker JBL stereo and a various luxury features. The Sienna leapfrogged the Chrysler and Honda minivans but leapfrogged them.

    A new chassis had a four inch wider track but three foot tighter turning radius - a foot tighter than the next best minivan.

    The wheelbase was five inches longer, allowing the best passenger volume 45 cubic feet larger than in the The new V6 produced horsepower, and, coupled to a five-speed automatic, produced both the fastest sprints to 60 and the best mileage of any American minvian. The engine and transmission were both made in West Virginia. The Toyota Sienna, its third generation, brought a sporty SE and a four-cylinder variant.

    It was now the only minivan with an all-wheel-drive option; styled in California and partly developed in Michigan, it was built in Indiana. The wheelbase stayed the same, but the body was wider and slightly shorter; the coefficient of drag cD was 0. Buyers could choose between the 3. With horsepower at 5, rpm, the 2. Both engines were matched with electronically controlled six-speed transmissions; the V6 could tow up to 3, pounds.

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